Drywall:

A Common Request at IGM Engineering Group

One of the more common requests we receive at IGM Engineering Group is for drywall work; which can be everything from drywall repair, the installation of drywall, and anything else to do with drywall. Drywall issues tend to be a chore that homeowners procrastinate about, but unfortunately the longer these issues are left, the worse the problem becomes, and suddenly you notice your walls are in a state of disrepair. Damaged walls look unsightly, and they become very susceptible to being damaged even further. Whatever your drywall issue, IGM Engineering Group is here to help! We’ve had years of experience repairing and installing drywall, and there’s no scenario we can’t handle.

 

About Drywall 

If your home was constructed 50-or-so years ago, it’s highly likely that the ceilings and walls are covered with drywall. Basically, drywall has become the alternative to hand-applied wall plaster and has more-or-less replaced plaster in the construction of new buildings. Today, drywall has become the predominant ceiling and wall finish material in the construction of residences and offices. The drywall is used in almost 97% of new homes and offices.

Applying drywall involves using screws to attach drywall boards to studs, after which the seams are taped and spackled to create a smooth surface. IGM Engineering has extensive experience in wall plastering, and our highly skilled team are experts when it comes to creating attractive walls for your office or living space.

The professionals at IGM Engineering Group provide drywall installation, repair, and finishing. The standard process of dry-walling requires the construction of a solid framework of either wood or steel on which to install the drywall. The drywall can then be installed on the framework and plastered. The final step in the dry-walling process is to either paint or wallpaper the finished drywall, or in the case of bathrooms to lay tiles.

 

More About Drywall 

Drywall is also known as plasterboard, wallboard, or gypsum. The name ‘gypsum’ is because drywall is actually made from a flaky fire-resistant material called gypsum. The gypsum is covered in a thick paper covering, which makes it very durable: because of its unique construction it’s quite easy to cut, trim and repair. It can be cut, drilled, sawed, nailed, bent, screwed, glued, papered over, and painted on.

Drywall is extremely versatile and is used to cover either conventional bare stud walls or damaged plaster and board walls. A keyhole saw can be used to cut around electrical boxes: simply punch the tip through the drywall and cut along each side. Alternatively, a power jig-saw can be used for these cuts.

 

Drywall Thicknesses 

Standard drywall comes in a range of thicknesses – one-quarter inch, half-inch, 3/8-inch, and 5/8-inch. A thinner drywall has the advantage of being lightweight and easy to manage; whereas thick drywall is much stiffer and tends to go up flatter. The 3/8-inch and 5/8-inch drywall thicknesses are the most commonly used. The standard drywall panel is 4 x 8’, however, 10’ and 12’ panels are also readily available. The staff at IGM Group are happy to check local code for specific requirements in your area.

Greenrock or Greenboard are moisture resistant drywall panels, and these specially treated panels are used specifically in damp areas, like bathrooms. In these rooms, the long edges of the panels are tapered to compensate for the thickness of mud, with tape being used to finish the seams.

 

Using Drywall 

Maybe there’s no such thing as a perfect building material, but drywall certainly comes very close. To start with, it’s extremely budget friendly, costing around $10 for a half-inch thick 4 x 8 panel. And, it’s DIY friendly, because very few tools are required. Many people hesitate to work with drywall because they believe it’s tough to finish, but that’s certainly not the case.

Our advice is to go easy on the compound if you want to produce professional quality ceilings and walls, because you’ll have to sand off all that excess compound later on. And, use a light touch to spread the compound – not brute force.

You’ll notice that drywall panels have a smooth side and a rough side. The smooth grey surface is the side that should face outward.

 

IGM Group Drywall Installation and Construction 

  • All plumbing and electrical work, such as wall and ceiling fixtures and installation of new outlets, must be completed prior to the installation of drywall. This also includes alarm systems and phone and cable TV lines.
  • In order to protect pipes and wires, nail guards are placed over studs.
  • Any dampness on ceilings or walls caused by poor ventilation or faulty plumbing will then be corrected.
  • The next step is to install or complete any insulation upgrading.
  • We then mark the location of all wall studs on the floor and the ceiling for our vertical nailing pattern reference.
  • If drywall is being placed over an existing wall, all the baseboards are removed, and we note the locations of the nail holes in the wall surface. These nails will typically be in the centre of a stud. This is checked by drilling a hole using a 1/8-inch drill bit into the wall above a nail to locate the stud.
  • We then measure over 16”, because studs are typically 16” (occasionally 24”) apart, then drill again until we find the next stud. The stud location is then marked on the ceiling and the floor for the vertical nailing pattern reference.